8 x 20





8 x 20 camera in horizontal position


8 x 20 camera in vertical position





Front shift 6.5 (165mm) total movement
Front raise and fall 10 5/8 (270mm)
Front tint base 25 degrees forward
   90 degrees back
Front lens axis tilt limited by bellows
Front swing limited by bellows

Standard bellows 34 inches
Max. extension 865mm(34inches)
Min. extension 130mm

Standard lens board 
   6 x 6 Deardorf style board

Custom options available:

  • Different lens board mount
  • Longer or shorter rail system & bellows

 DVD User Manual Ordering information 

Rear swing 25 degrees
Rear shift 4 (101mm) total movement
Rear tilt 20 degrees back 90 degrees forward

Bail back

8 x 20     13 pounds

Film holder are available


Current Price $4785

Ordering information

Testing for rail strength

The Rail System

The underlying strength of a camera comes from the platform on which the working components are placed, the lens, and the sheet of film. The modern-day field camera design has not changed much in the last 125 years -- wood sliding in wooden groves, with gear racks set into the rail to be driven by gears on a shaft. This same shaft is also used to prevent the rail from sliding in and out when locked. This system works well on small cameras, 4x5 thru 8x10.  The rails are short, and the up-and-down play from the necessary clearance is not noticeable.  This changes as the cameras get bigger. 

The play that is inherent in bigger cameras has been a problem for a very long time.  To address the problems I and others were having in dealing with this inherent play, I realized I had to think outside the box. I knew two things would not change.  They were the front frame that held the lens and the rear ground glass frame and back that held the film holder.  I started with a simple look at all the different traditional materials and composites available, along with looking for the best weight-to-strength ratio I could find.  The starting point was the weight to strength ratio number I got from figuring out the strength of the average wooden rail on ULF cameras.  I started with round aluminum tubes; they worked and they didn�t.  After some use and a lot of abuse, the aluminum�s sliding action started to get rough and gritty-sounding, as the rails were slid back and forth (this is an inherent problem with aluminum). After some more testing, I settled on carbon fiber tubes.  See photo to the left of the rail system fully extended.

The overall design of the camera was to be modular, with one rail able to handle multiple format sizes.  The ULF rail will cover sizes from 7x17 to 20x24.  Standard extended length is 34 inches; longer or shorter rails can be custom ordered.



Camera closed

The Camera Body

The body of the camera is wood.  It comes with a bail back for ease of loading and unloading the film holder.  The panoramic bodies can be changed from vertical to horizontal in the field, keeping the weight of the camera over the tripod. Format size can be easily changed. Release the front bellows frame from the front, undo two locking knobs, and the back with attached bellows is released from the rail system. A different size back can now be put on the rails.

More information on the design.

Ordering information


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Richard T Ritter

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